A Requisite Metal in Global Market

Being a precious metal for over 5000 years, the demand for silver is increasing day by day. The first major source of silver found in Anatolia (now known as Turkey) dated back to 4000BC until these days. The metal had been crafted all over the world, although Armenia was privileged to develop silver by more sophisticated processing. In 1st century AD, the Laurium mines were the largest individual source of world’s silver production. These mines were producing about 1 million troy ounces a year located close to Athens. Because of Greek domination in mining silver, the Punic Wars brought in Rome rule. Hence, the exploitation of Spanish silver extended to other parts of Europe. Despite Spain dominated in silver the first 1000 years AD. However, the actual production took place in the period from 1000 – 1500 AD. This was as a result of increased in mining technology and major locations.

Yet again silver mining and production was exploited by Spain for the next 375 years because of establishment of colonies in South America (Bolivia and Peru) and Mexico. Up to 85% of the world silver production during those periods was credited to Bolivia, Peru and Mexico. Later on the production of silver increased because of entry of major players such as the United States and other countries. As a result of their initiatives, the world production by the 1870s leaped from 40 to 80 million troy ounces a year.

In the 20th century, the uphill expansion of technologies brought revolution in the global market as a result of that silver production climbed up to 190 million troy ounces a year. Hence, a number of mines were established in the United States, Australia, Canada, Europe and Central America. Much of the reformed technologies were established with the introduction of steam-assisted drilling, mining, mine dewatering, and improved haulage enhancing the ability to handle ore and increasing the of ores that contained silver. After sometime, the world acknowledged improvement in electro-refining techniques where silver can be easily separated by other base metals. Thus, it paved the way for increasing sources of silver.

At present, silver is being used in three specific areas such as traditional, industrial, and new technologies. In 2010, the estimated annual figures revealed that silver over 487 million ounces were utilized in industrial applications. Silver over 167 million ounces used in the jewellery market as well as 50 million ounces were used to produce silverware. The minting coins were produced by using silver over 10 million ounce. On an account of soaring demand, the prices on silver are rising like anything else. The statistics revealed that silver price will touch new highs in upcoming days.

TV Goes Global – The New Wave of Global Marketing

Internet video isn’t going away. In fact, it’s everywhere. An Advertising.com study whose results were announced a few weeks ago indicate that 66 percent of Americans watch streaming video at least once a week.

As a company, how can you capitalize on that audience–especially if you don’t have access to the technology to make it happen?

It turns out that you don’t have to. The answer may be a third-party video hosting site that can house your marketing campaigns and other brand-relevant programming. One such company that does this is Wi-Fi TV. Wi-Fi TV allows you to purchase your own global Internet TV channel and control the programming to suit your marketing goals.

Using video to reach your audience isn’t just technologically savvy, it creates a branding experience your customers will crave. Here are four reasons why featuring your content through a third-party video site can help your brand succeed.

1. It takes the responsibility off you and your staff to create content, host and support it. If you’re a small business, you simply don’t have the technological resources at your disposal that a third party does. While Wi-Fi TV doesn’t create content, it can refer you to companies that do. It then can host your content and provide the support necessary to make it a reliable resource. Wi-Fi TV also provides additional resources, such as online shopping carts, online chats and even online party rooms, which allow your customers to learn exclusive information about your business. As an added bonus in terms of content, you can also learn from the successes of other companies’ video campaigns, such as those of BloombergTV and Brigham Young University, right on the site.

2. You’ll boost your marketing efforts with a multimedia marketing campaign. Now more than ever, you’ll need to combine traditional marketing methods with multimedia ones in order to capture customers. With Wi-Fi TV, for instance, you would participate in a partnership with the company in marketing your channel, and the benefits would include everything from joint press releases that are electronically distributed to a self-named Wi-Fi TV station, a relevant URL and other marketing promotions and Web events that ensure traffic.

3. You’ll get traffic you won’t get on your own site. At a third-party site, you’ll have all the benefits of other video that’s drawing other customers–customers who could be your customers if they see your programming. Wi-Fi TV has lots of global channels where all types of users are visiting to find out about the companies that matter to them. The site has been attracting users for two years and has enough video available to draw and retain consistent viewers. You can also use these traffic opportunities to leverage advertising sales on your channel to defray the costs of ownership.

4. You can reach an audience with purchasing power. That aforementioned Advertising.com study determined that 56 percent of online video users are age 35 and older. By owning a global Internet channel, you can capture that audience–an audience with the money to spend on your products.

Some Benefits To Owning Your Own Global Internet TV Station include:

1) Ability to place as little or as much programming you want, sequenced in any way you want, on a Wi-Fi TV Station that can be seen locally, nationally and globally by anyone with a high-speed Internet connection.

2) Ability to stand out in any given area by having your own Wi-Fi TV Station, to provide information, instruction, sales data, entertainment, shows, of any kind you wish.

3) All that is required to create programming is an inexpensive video camera, anything from a very simple one camera recording to a more elaborate production will work fine for delivery over the Internet.

4) Ability to sell advertisements on the Wi-Fi TV Stations, or to sell your own products, or to attract customers to your brick and mortar business, or to attract members or subscribers, or to promote what you have to offer.

5) Ability to present your viewpoint in any way that you wish, with freedom of speech.

6) First Wi-Fi TV Stations in any Wi-Fi TV category become the “default” Stations for that category, meaning additional clout and viewership.

7) Ability to create a following or cater to your audience in a way that no magazine, newsletter or traditional means of communication can.

8) Wi-Fi TV Live Chat will enable viewers to discuss your programs online visible by all viewers.

9) Ability to place links to products you have for sale from the Wi-Fi TV product listings on the pages where your Wi-Fi TV Station is accessible.

10) Ability to schedule special events, fundraisers and other special shows.

11) Wi-Fi TV Stations can be viewed on PCs, laptops, cellphones, TV screens, and big screen TVs, anywhere a in the world a high-speed Internet connection is present.

12) You get to choose up to six Wi-Fi TV categories or countries (and in one category, if you are the first Station paid for in that category, you become the default Station)

13) Your Wi-Fi TV Station plays for FREE for anyone in the world who signs up to Wi- Fi TV (and there is no cost for membership)

14) You get to have up to six ON DEMAND videos online in addition to the Wi-Fi TV Station, and you can change these (so, for example, a real estate agent can have different property videos which the user can click on and view without waiting for them to come up on the Station). These on-demand videos will appear on one category page of your choice.

15) And much more

As Internet video usage grows, your company will grow right along with it. With joint press releases, you can inform your customers they can access your business online at any time. You’ll find your business reaching new heights.

A Wi-FI TV station costs a one time fee of $25,000 and an annual maintenance fee of $5,000. Your business will be targeting new customers in new markets, which will offset the price of state-of-the-art technology.

Think Global, Act Now: Nine Steps to an International Marketing Strategy

As technology breaks down geographic and cultural communication barriers, even small businesses can often tap into the global marketplace. If you think your business is too small to pursue international business opportunities, think again. Get a jump on those opportunities by following the 9 steps outlined below.

Unless you spend excessive amounts of time in foreign countries or soak up knowledge like a Jeopardy Champion, you’re probably not able to make an informed decision about a global strategy without doing your homework first. Start with the low-hanging fruit: talk to your coworkers, peers, family and friends. Find out what you can about countries and markets with the greatest potential. Read relevant print and Web publications voraciously (I prefer eMarketer, Economist, Wall Street Journal and Yahoo! for general business and market research). Compile information about various opportunities and determine which markets have the greatest overall potential (in case you’ve been hiding in a cave, here’s an emerging and growth market cheat sheet for you: China, India, South America, Russia and The Middle East).

Most small to medium-sized businesses do not have the resources on staff to undertake a global market strategy. Assuming there are sufficient opportunities abroad, it’s time to determine how to develop appropriate resources (i.e. in-country sales and support, logistics and fulfillment). In the build vs. buy decision, many companies prefer to minimize financial risk by partnering with companies that have extensive experience within the target market to provide those resources. While partnering minimizes risk, there are drawbacks, such as lack of direct management oversight. Those negatives can be alleviated by hiring employees who have the education, experience and native language skills relevant to your target market. International students are excellent resources: they are educated, affordable, multi-lingual and usually have some relevant work experience. The potential downside is that you’ll probably have to navigate through a bushel of red tape in order to secure work visas.

As you’re formulating partnerships or hiring strategies, it’s critical to thoroughly assess current products and services for viability in foreign markets. The offering(s) must be intuitive and scalable. If the offering is not intuitive, that is, easily applicable to the target markets (i.e. there is no apparent need) you will fail. If the offering is not scalable (i.e. it can’t be produced and delivered to the target markets profitably) you will fail. The new team should lead the assessment phase and outline a strategy to build or leverage existing infrastructure.

Once the offering is fine-tuned and ready for market, your sales collateral must be modified. Even if the global partner or new team has native speaking skills, there are reasons to hire professional translation and localization services (e.g. ViaLanguage) to that ensure all cultural nuances are dealt with appropriately. The goal is to ensure that your sales documentation demonstrates that you feel your target market’s pain – and that you are able to offer a relevant solution.

While your core business and marketing team may already be in place, there are a variety of reasons to explore additional partnerships. Companies specializing in marketing, logistics and customer service are excellent additions to the growing team. Partners within the target market may have relationships with your potential customers that can be leveraged for business development. For instance, we’ve partnered with a homeland security and business consultancy, Eminent Logic, to help penetrate into the Middle Eastern markets. In return, we introduce them to local companies we know that can further their business objectives.

Alternative business development strategies include attending, sponsoring, and participating in industry networking events and conferences. Look into joining industry associations that have a footprint in your target markets, or that are native to the target market. Web-based networking groups (e.g. LinkedIn) can also help expand your network.

Now that you’ve built out your infrastructure, trained and deployed a team, and modified your offering and marketing collateral, you’re ready to turn on the fire hose. Two of the most effective forms of outreach are search engine and email marketing. Internet access is everywhere, which means everyone has access to search engines and email. The best way to build a house list of potential customers in your target market is to optimize your international Web site for search engines and offer visitors an incentive to provide their email address. Once you’ve got their permission to contact them regularly, build a relationship and convert site visitors and email subscribers into customers.

Over time, cold leads will become hot, and those hot leads will want face-to-face meetings. Its decision time: are you ready to invest in a global travel expense account? If so, be prepared to reel in the business, as most of the world works on a handshake and face time is critical. Turn your business trips into tax-deductible vacations and see the world while you’re at it.

On a quarterly basis, it’s very helpful to take a close look at your progress. Assess the effectiveness of your process, strategies and tactics and determine if you’re on the right track. If not, look for ways to fine-tune by breaking down the entire process. If you’ve seen success thus far, understand what is working well for you and decide whether or not you want to scale further. When that is the case, just start over at the research phase and begin searching for your next market opportunity.

Following these 9 steps will put you on the fast track toward a global marketing strategy. As Darwin once said, adapt or die

Using Global Marketing Research to Create Business Insights

The business world is constantly changing and anyone interested in getting the most out of their company needs to be able to adapt quickly. Many business owners find it difficult to keep up with new technology and what they miss most is the ability to change direction in order to get the most sales from their audience. Marketing strategies need to be regularly updated in order to ensure that their impact does not diminish. In this atmosphere of pressure, reliable global marketing research is essential.

Doing research on a global scale is essential if you want to obtain the marketing insights you need to operate your business on an international platform. Different cultures require different types of marketing, so by performing effective marketing research you can learn how to adapt your marketing strategy to the demands of an international business. Good and accurate research will furnish you with reasonable global marketing insights which will allow you to create new methods of promoting your business to people from different cultures. Without these insights, which research provides for you, any marketing strategy could be misinterpreted or a financial waste of your business’s investment cash.

Marketing insights can teach you important factors about your potential clients elsewhere in the world. When you have set up a small online business, it is easy to forget that your country is not the center of the universe and that other people may have different expectations to your own. For example, simple global marketing insights such as the fact that some Asian countries view reduced items as being tainted or near to an expiration date, while in the US it is standard practice to promote an item by offering a certain amount off the sale price. If you were to try and promote your business in China, for example, by reducing the price, you could lose sales or make people uncertain about your products.

Vital global marketing insights like these have to be fully understood in order to ensure that you effectively promote your business throughout the world. Mistakes like these are easy to make but very difficult to rectify, so you can find yourself losing business unless you take the time to research your audience thoroughly. By giving yourself an insight into the business traditions of a culture, you can set your marketing strategy with those traditions in mind. Performing accurate research will help you to stay ahead of your competition in the global marketplace.

Examining The Driving Forces Behind The Changing Global Business Scenario

The recent recession and inflation period has affected economies all over the globe with the international financial system remaining highly fragile during 2010. In today’s era of integrative globalization, an impact on any economy has a direct and relevant effect on all economies. It is this inter-connectivity between the components of the various economies that will compel them to work in synergy with each other in the coming times. International trade has further strengthened the dependency of individual economies on current financial stability for the global economics realm. However, economies are working towards recovering their position with rapid growth being evident, especially in the regions that have been targeted as emerging markets. Lets have a look at some of the key trends that are expected to have a long lasting impact on the global business scenario.

Transformation Holds the Key to Successful Recovery for The Global Banking Industry:

The prominent financial crisis that occurred recently may have caused a global uproar but in reality, most financial institutions from emerging markets managed to overcome it without much difficulty. The impact of outcomes for regulators as well as global financial institutions has mutual patterns wherein the regulators have been known to lay more emphasis on the existence of systemic risks posed by major names in the global finance industry while the banks have concerns over their ability to manage the oncoming competition dynamics along with the possible impact of regulations made on returns. Current statistics hold insufficient grounds for determining the final structure of the global framework for financial regulations. However, the changes that hold probability of occurrence include:

  • Corporate governance would experience heightened levels.
  • Consumer protection policies as well as initiatives would be strengthened.
  • Executive pay schemes are expected to be limited in keeping with current financial statistics.
  • Over the counter derivatives would witness greater regulations and increased transparency.

As is the general consideration that developed countries hold higher prospects of maintaining stability during economic recessions and financial crises, current statistics reveal that while financial institutions in the developed countries are striving for effective recovery, those in emerging markets are exhibiting better recovery results with most of the financial institutions overcoming the crisis with hardly any hiccups. However, in light of enhanced and revised regulatory frameworks, the cost of business would most likely hit a new high for most large financial institutions.

Global Workforce Expected to be Transformed Due to Demographic Shifts:

One of the most notable occurrences to have marked the current era is the dearth of potential candidates for employment opportunities despite the growing population numbers being witnessed on a global scale. Statistics indicate that almost 31% of employers throughout the globe are faced with the issue of dearth of required talent in the market due to which recruitment has become quite tedious. Demographic shifts have been credited with being the driving factor behind the recruitment issues. The problem of fewer talents in the population pool is not due to less population numbers. In fact the problem may be attributed to the evident decline in working age of the population in various regions. This in turn has caused the condition to worsen with a statistical probability of the labor gap becoming 8.3 million by the year 2030.. It would be wise to consider the gradient at which the issue is currently escalating instead of focusing on the current gap which is only 200,000.

There may be scope for profits from a larger segment of the population at retirement age, but there is also a major concern regarding the availability of new population members from the talent pool who are required to replace the retiring working population. Emerging countries like Brazil, Indonesia and Mexico have labor forces comprising of younger members of their demographics. While this may seem to provide benefit arising from increase in productivity, demographic dividend and growth, the only way in which success may be ensured is to provide the youth with economic as well as educational opportunities in the right form and at the right time. Only then will they be able to prepare themselves to manage the business scenario of their region in the years to come. One of the major complications arising out of the dearth of proper educational provisions is the reduction in the talent pool due to which the population members are unable to meet the rising talent and skill requisites. The need of the hour is to promote educational opportunities in all regions globally with emphasis on awareness being made about changing skill requisites as well as sophistication.

Women may prove to be major players in the future recruitment efforts as their empowerment and increased acceptance of women as an equal entity in social circles would ensure that they be considered for job opportunities. However, the decrease in talent pool in the population of various regions has led to employees gaining bargaining power. In light of these changes, it is pretty evident that in the near future, the workplace in organizations would be defined by the priorities of the employees themselves instead of being defined by the perceptions of the employer. The most appropriate solution for organizations to manage these changes is to work towards engaging and re-engaging the experienced segment of their acquired talent. Those who fail to keep up with these changes may very well lose the power to attract, retain and even develop the required talent which would be a direct result of the failure to define their EVP (Employee Value Proposition).

Going Green Would Prove to be Major Leverage:

The efforts for reducing carbon footprint can be seen extensively in all economies with various organizations striving hard to achieve and maintain greener policies. This green approach for creating a resource-efficiency economy may well be the precursor to the next major industrial revolution and in the long term may also churn out financial benefits in addition to the obvious environmental benefits. There is no stopping the transformation and inclination towards green technologies, so the only recourse available to organizations is to rework their strategies and come up with contingent measures to ensure that they maintain compatibility with the changing trends. Even statistics have gone ahead to reveal the rapid growth of investors in green technology with with the investments surging to 243 billion USD as reported by Bloomberg New Energy Finance. This is staggering 30% increase from the previous year and almost 5 times more than the figures calculated for 2004.

Despite these investments, there is a significant gap which exists between the required capital to fund the widespread implementation of green technologies and the available financial capabilities for meeting the requirements that are crucial for sustaining the transition being made towards low carbon economies. If current figures and data are to be considered, the energy demand would grow by approximately 36% over the period 2019 – 2035. The majority of the demands (estimated at 93%) is expected to emanate from the emerging markets.

If predictions by the International Energy Agency (IEA) were to be considered, then the period 201 to 2035 would experience the increase in renewable resource based power generation by 300%. Nuclear power and natural gas are major components of the “future energy mix” which is expected to gain prominence in the coming years in place of fossil fuel that would lose its market share gradually. While renewable energy is still available at high costs in most places, the prices would see a decrease as soon as solar and wind energy projects achieve successful completion. More than mere provision of green sources, it is the awareness of its implications which holds greater significance as people would be required to adapt to the changing technologies. As of now, the use of natural gas appears to be transition aiding component that is bridging the gap between the use of traditional fuels and the use of renewable energy sources.

If the business aspect of the implications of renewable energy were to be considered, then resorting to green methods would not only enhance the usage of resources but it would also bring visible cost benefits in the long run. The raw materials required in the production of a large number of products are not available in unlimited quantity and with the stringent rejection of raw materials owing to non-compliance with quality standards, the need for going green seems to be the only recourse in the current economic scenario. Such concerns revolving around resource utilization are expected to bring about an increased demand for organizations to prove their business’s adherence to sustainable practices. Sustainability reporting as of now is only voluntary and is mainly used to encourage organizations and businesses to declare their socio-environmental impact. However, the tides may turn pretty soon in light of the various developments being made due to which sustainability reporting may no longer be a choice, it would become a mandatory component of public declarations for all businesses.

Emerging Markets Would Increase their Power in the Global Scenario:

Emerging markets have become the global hub for aids that drive economic growth and may well become the key drivers of global growth. Earlier considered to be lucrative places for obtaining natural resources, cheap labor and inexpensive manufacturing, the emerging markets have achieved the status of becoming major players in the global competitive landscape. If we take into consideration the current statistics and figures of growth and economic development, then it is safe to estimate that the coming years would exhibit a 70% global growth with almost 40% of the growth being contributed by China and India. The IMF has expressed that the performance of the emerging markets could outperform the developed economies in terms of GDP and Purchasing Power Parity by as early as 2014. This is an impressive performance by the emerging economies which is further strengthened by the fact that they account for nearly 50% of global FDI inflows and 25% outflows.

One of the fastest growing trends that has been witnessed over the past decade is the emergence of new leaders in emerging markets that not only provide critical competition in home grounds but are also making substantial outbound investments in other economies. These power giants would eventually become a disruptive force in the global arena with stiff competition being provided to others. The key driving force which enables companies from emerging markets to come up with cost effective and innovative designs to products stems from the fact that the local markets in which they operate are more than often deprived of convenient facilities. This means that they need to work with whatever they have and with whatever they can manage with. The outcome of operating with such limited support systems is the emergence of an entrepreneurial culture that is infused with innovation in strategic implementation and greater flexibility in adapting to the demands of their customers. One of the most profound examples of this is the Nano, manufactured by Tata Motors, India. This car is priced at USD 2,900 internationally which is less than 50% of the costs of any automobile in the world. The mere presence of this car in the global market goes on to speak loads about the progress being made by businesses in emerging economies and markets.

Another key factor to be considered is the estimated growth in population numbers which would not only add to the customer base but would also result in the increase in the combined purchasing power of the middle class segment of the population to more than USD 56 trillion by the year 2050. These estimates represent global implications wherein the majority of the demand (more than 80% estimated) emanating from the Asian countries. In keeping with the expected as well as the current changes, there would be immense requisites for developing or upgrading the physical and soft infrastructure so as to accommodate the demands of the increasing numbers of urban middle class members.

While emerging markets seem to be getting prominence in the global business scenario, it would be wrong to interpret their presence on the international forefront as being the only ones to be able to reap the benefits. The developments in emerging countries have helped to escalate the position of middle class members in their own regions which in turn have become lucrative new markets for developed countries.

Rapid Developments in Technology Innovation Will Drive Mobility Trends:

The past decade has witnessed drastic advancements in the digital domain with this revolution giving birth to new technologies that have helped to define new approaches to business as well as individual needs. Interconnectivity has become the success mantra with the boundaries becoming non-existent as more people are connected through global communication systems. Current technologies are smart, dynamic and is capable of providing support for various applications. However, the expected levels of technical sophistication is still awaiting achievement. While customers desire powerful devices with impeccable applications, businesses prefer to possess and develop cost effective technological solutions that would help them to cope up with complex technical challenges.

The presence of analytical tools made more feasible with its integration with global internet communication systems has enabled businesses to evaluate their performance dynamically. Now they are able to see their levels of interaction with customers with their responses forming the base of the analysis conducted. Social networks have further increased the need for adding storage to the systems due to the fact that they have contributed to the creation as well as sharing of data throughout the world. Research studies estimate data storage requirements to go up to 35 trillion GB by 2020 itself. This requisite represents an increase of more than 40% for our current storage capabilities. With such capabilities it is but obvious for business intelligence to gain importance as being one of the key determinants of strategic decision making processes.

Smart devices (phones and tablets in majority) have become an integral part of our lives. The reason behind their widespread popularity may be attributed to high levels of portability offered by them. In simple terms, the possibility of remaining connected even while being on the move has brought into effect a whole new level of convenience that is playing a key role in redefining the way in which social connectivity and business communication is maintained. As is evident in other sectors, emerging markets will pose stiff competition mainly due to the fact that the absence of legacy systems will lead to faster profit generation from the integration of new technologies whenever they are made available.

The developments in mobility solutions and the integration of global technological systems would lead to the convergence of industrial realms where the differences in geographical boundaries, industries, products, demographics and economies would become blurred. Advancements in e-commerce facilities have literally brought about the transition of markets from being physical establishments to virtual hot-spots. This does not indicate that physical markets have become non-existent, it is only the approach that has been shifted to the virtual domain by means of which businesses are able to make their presence felt on the global platform. In keeping with these trends, it is not wrong to expect web semantics in the near future to provide the perfect amalgamation of web, machines and human beings.

Cloud computing in another key aspect of mobility solutions which enables dynamic working capabilities over the net with access being granted to multiple users. Since cloud computing offers dynamic access to data, simultaneous work capabilities are provided to the users even for a single file. Forecasts made by Gartner state that social networks would account for the primary business communication protocol for more than 20% of global employee strength. Governments are also joining in on this race for technological supremacy wherein they are not only providing the funds for the development of the required infrastructure, but they are also concerning themselves with the establishment of appropriate legislations by means of which the privacy of the users may be ensured.

Governments Expected to Enhance Cooperative Efforts With the Public Sector:

The post crisis scenario at the global level is marked by adjustments being made as major entities inclusive of governments, institutions and business organizations are working towards redefining their identity. While the economic recession has no major impact on the emerging markets, they are nonetheless left with the requirement of developing as well as upgrading their infrastructure and educational systems for being able to cope up with the increasing demands of the new middle class population. In light of these needs, the governments all over the globe are faced with the requirement for strengthening their financial position and securing their current levels of financial integrity. Additionally they are required to ensure the delivery of services not only in an efficient and effective manner, but the services also need to be made economic in nature to fully obtain their benefits. The private sector holds significance for any economy owing to its contribution levels in the growth and development of the respective region. The growth of the public sector needs to be done in an economic manner for sustainability and generation of employment opportunities.

The efforts of the government are clearly visible in the following initiatives:

  • In light of the rising debt-GDP ratios, there are immense efforts being made by the developed countries for reducing these values and organizing their finances.

  • Emerging markets possessing adequate surplus need to invest it for developing an effective safety nest for sustaining as well as promoting economic growth. The importance of safety nets in the economy may be judged from the fact that in certain markets, economic prosperity cannot be assured without their presence.

  • The investments made by the Tax Administration authorities of emerging markets also need to be improved such that the investments make their way into the right sectors in the right form and at the right time. PPP (Public Private Partnerships) are most likely to become major investment drivers in such markets.

  • Studies conducted by Standard & Poor indicate that public spending for developed economies with respect to median age is expected to rise from just over 17% of GDP in current times to over 27% of GDP in 2050. Emerging markets, however, reflect much less variations in these values with the change expected to be from 11% to 17%. Median age related spending, in addition to immigration, would affect future government spending in a significant manner.

  • Sovereign Wealth Funds are expected to become one of the most powerful sources for availing capital in the near future. Despite the drop in their valuation in light of the recent recession, their value is expected to increase over the years from USD 3.5 trillion as per 2010 data to more than USD 8 trillion as estimated for 2015.

  • State owned enterprises will continue to be popular means of safeguarding strategic industries and also assuring adequacy of critical infrastructure in most regions.